Automotive Research Association of India
Research Institute of the Automotive Industry with the Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Govt. of India
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Test Facilities
The Automotive Materials Laboratory (AML) provides specialized services on metals, non-metals, petroleum products, brake fluids, coolants, ambient air quality, non-regulated pollutants from vehicle exhaust, alternate fuel, vehicle components, etc. Specialized services include; Failure analysis, Microstructure Analysis, Determination of Mechanical Properties, Fractography, Life Prediction of virgin and regrind polymers, Vehicle exhaust particulate matter analysis, etc. The various test facilities available at AML are as follows.

Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (ESEM) Quanta 200:
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) capable of operating in environmental mode for obtaining high resolution and high magnification images of micro as well as nanostructures. The SEM is also equipped with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS or EDAX) for elemental analysis of micro constituents on conductive as well as non conductive samples. The SEM is extensively used for failure analysis, fractography and coating analysis of metallic as well as nonmetallic components

Universal Testing Machine (UTM):
Instron 5582 model (100 kN capacity) with special accessories such as environmental chamber (temperature range -60 to 300 deg C.), long travel extensometer, longitudinal and transverse extensometers, peel strength fixtures etc. Tensile tests, compression tests and bend tests carried out for measurement of UTS, YS, % Elongation, r-value, n-value, modulus of elasticity, Poisson's ratio, plastic strain ratio (r-value) measurements, true stress-strain curves etc.

Optical Emission Spectrometer (OES):
Quantitative elemental analysis of ferrous as well as nonferrous materials

Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) Spectrometer
Identification of polymers, additives and reinforcing agents, analysis of oils, materials investigation for failure analysis

X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) Spectroscopy:
Analysis of Elements including Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, Ca, Br, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Ti, Ga, Rb, Y, Zr, Pd, Ag, In, Sn, La Se, Sr, Mo, Cr, Cd, Sb, Ba, and Pb

Ion Chromatograph (IC):
Detection of Anions- fluoride, chloride, bromide, sulphate, nitrate & phosphate and Cations-sodium, ammonium, potassium, magnesium & calcium
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Thermal Optical Carbon Analyzer :
For evaluation of Carbon fractions based on temperature (Organic Carbon-OC1, OC2, OC3 & OC4 and Elemental Carbon-EC1, EC2 & EC3) using Thermal Optical Reflectance (TOR) technique.

High Resolution Gas Chromatograph (HRGC) with Automated Thermal Desorber (ATD):
Analysis of soluble and insoluble organic fraction from vehicle exhaust particulate matter as well as analysis of volatile organic compounds

AML is also equipped with most of the state of the art facilities for materials characterization which include:
  Rotating Bending Fatigue and Flexural Fatigue
  Optical Microscope for microstructure analysis
  Metallurgical Stereo Microscope
  Rockwell, Brinell, Vickers, Shore, IRHD and Micro Hardness Testing.
Izod and Charpy Impact testers for testing of impact properties and notch sensitivity of metals and plastics at room temperature as well as subzero temperatures
  Erichsen Cupping and Drawability Testers  
  Non-destructive Plating Thickness Detector
  Surface Crack Detecting Machine
  Teledyne Taber Abrasion Tester
  Surface and Volume Resistivity Tester
  Dielectric Strength (Breakdown voltage) Tester  
  UV weather-o-meter
  MFI, HDT / VICAT Brittle Point Tester
  Oven and Fluid Ageing Test
  Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS)
Thermal Analyzer System with Thermo-gravimetric Analyzer (TGA), High Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimeter (HP-DSC) and Thermo-mechanical Analyzer (TMA)
  Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Near Infrared (NIR) Spectrometers
  Brookfield and Kinematic Viscometers  
  Foaming tendency evaluation equipment for Lubricating Oils
  Auto Distillation Recovery Apparatus  
  Horizontal, Vertical flammability and Melt Behavior Testers
  Cold Filter Plugging Point (CFPP) of diesel fuels
  Reid Vapor Pressure Tester
  Flash and Pour Point Tester, Moisture Analyzer, and pH Meter
  Existent Gum Tester
  Abbe Refractometer
  Glassware, Aluminum Heat Rejection and Circulating Corrosion Test rigs
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